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28 January 2021

Ali Özdemir

Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Specialist

Aesthetic and Functional Nose Operations (Rhinoplasty)

Aesthetic and Functional Nose Operations (Rhinoplasty)

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  • What is rhinoplasty?
  • Nose surgeries (Rhinoplasty) are performed in order to correct the deformity caused by trauma or to make the congenital structure more beautiful. Nose surgeries are performed by specialists in Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.


  • To whom is performed?
  • Rhinoplasty operations are most frequently applied to people with complaints such as an arched nose, a low and thick nose, and a nose that is wider than the face. Deviation resulting from the sliding of the middle wall of the nose from the midline and causing breathing difficulties which is also among the most important reasons of rhinoplasty. Both deviation and deformity problems can be corrected in the same surgery. Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery specialists recommend that rhinoplasty operations should be performed after the development of bone and cartilage structure in individuals.


  • When is the best time for surgery?
  • Rhinoplasty operations can be performed at any time of the year. However, as it is necessary to avoid postoperative actions such as coughing and sneezing, it is more appropriate for allergy patients to prefer summer.


  • What should be considered before the operation?
  • - Inform your physician if you have a cold or flu before the operation.
  • - Inform your physician about the medications you use.
  • - Stop alcohol and smoking two weeks before the surgery.
  • - Blood thinners such as aspirin should be stopped one week before surgery.
  • - Patient’s face should be thoroughly cleaned and make up should not be applied on the day of surgery.
  • - While coming to the surgery, a top that can be easily opened from the front should be worn.


  • How is the surgery performed?
  • Rhinoplasty operations can be performed under local anesthesia as well as general anesthesia. However, general anesthesia is recommended for the comfort of both the patient and the surgeon. During the surgery, different processes are performed on the bone and cartilage and shaping is performed. Within the scope of this shaping, operations such as enlargement or reduction are also performed.
  • Rhinoplasty operations are performed in two ways as open and closed method. In open rhinoplasty surgery, the nostrils are opened with a small incision at the bottom. Due to the wide view angle, open rhinoplasty surgery is performed especially in people with advanced deformation. Closed rhinoplasty is performed through the nostrils without incision. Although it provides the surgeon with less angle of view, the operation is performed comfortably owing to the micro-cameras that allow the observation of the intranasal part. The advantage over open rhinoplasty is that there is no possibility of incision, and the recovery time is shorter. The type of surgery is decided by the surgeon.
  • How long does the surgery take?
  • The duration of the operation depends on the procedure to be performed. It takes 30 minutes as the minimum and the 2.5 hours as a maximum. The time may be longer for complicated surgeries. The patient is usually hospitalized overnight for follow-up purposes, unless there is a complication.


  • Is it a painful surgery?
  • Contrary to popular belief, rhinoplasty operations are not as painful as it is thought. The reason why it is known as painful surgery is the old, applied techniques. With the replacement of cotton pads that cause pain and bleeding with silicone pads. it is now much more comfortable for the patient after surgery. Pain is minimally released because of the given postoperative medications.


  • What awaits me after the surgery?
  • The silicone tampon usually stays inside the nose for a week. A splint is also attached to the nose for protection. It is normal to feel congestion in the nose due to splint and swelling. In order to prevent bleeding and to reduce swelling, it is recommended to rest by holding the head above the chest. Some bleeding and mucus leakage is normal after removing the tampon.


  • For how long the postoperative swelling and bruising will be over?
  • After the operation, bruising and swelling occurs on the face. The amount of these purple swelling and bruising varies according to the type of surgery, the age of the patient and the bone and cartilage structure. Bruises start to heal three to four days after the operation. The swellings begin to regress after a few months, and it may take up to a year to completely go down.


  • What should be considered after surgery?
  • - Protect your nose. Avoid movements and sports that can cause a blow to your nose.
  • - The splint placed on your nose should not certainly be moved.
  • - weights things should not be lifted.
  • - Glasses should not be worn during the period recommended by your physician.
  • - Blood thinners should be stopped.
  • - In first week, shower should be taken in a manner of protecting the nose. Later after a week normal bath can be started.
  • - Make up should not be applied for at least one week.
  • - Nose should be Protected from the sun rays with the help of protective cream and hat.
  • - For a quick healing of swelling and bruising, İce application should be done on the operation area.
  • - Steam bath, solarium, sauna should be avoided for 1.5-2 months.
  • - Follow-up controls should not be neglected.



Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery