The part of the uterus that can be evaluated during vaginal examination and extends towards the vagina is known as the cervix. Cancers arising from the tissue are seen at an average age of 48. Cervical cancer HPV (human papilloma virus- Human Papilloma Virus) is known to be the main cause.
- What are the symptoms?
- Early stage disease may be asymptomatic or there may be watery vaginal discharge, post-intercourse bleeding or spotting bleeding. In the advanced stage, symptoms may occur depending on the organs that the disease is affected. The most common symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Progression from HPV infection to cancer takes a long time such as 10-20 years and with certain stepped lesions.
- What are the diagnostic methods?
- Lesions can be detected with regular smear and HPV scanning. The diagnosis of cervical cancer is made by pathological examination of the parts taken from this region. Afterwards, the stage of the disease is determined by using the necessary imaging methods such as clinical examination, MR, tomography, PET-CT and the appropriate treatment plan is created.
- What are the treatment methods?
- According to the prevalence of the disease in cervical cancer, surgery or radiation therapy is the first treatment option. Patients older than a certain stage are not operated on, but radiation therapy and drug therapy can be performed if necessary.