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27 April 2021

Tufan Özdem

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist

Knee pain (calcification, ligament, tendon and meniscus disorders)

Knee pain (calcification, ligament, tendon and meniscus disorders)

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The knee joint is a special joint that carries the weight of the human body and provides movement. In the structure of the knee, there are structures such as ligament, muscle, meniscus, joint capsule that provide functionality. A problem occurring in any of these structures usually causes pain and walking disturbance, negatively affecting daily life and decreasing the quality of life of the person. By correctly evaluating such problems and determining the appropriate rehabilitation program, it can be ensured that the knee joint can be used painlessly and functionally in daily life activities.             


  • Why do knee problems occur?
  • Especially direct blows, coercive movements or repetitive overloads can cause an anatomical deterioration of the structure of this joint.


  • What are the most common knee problems?
  • Calcifications, ligament, tendon and meniscus injuries are among the most common knee problems. Ties can be damaged, especially during rotational movements that include sudden acceleration and deceleration. Depending on age and activities, calcification may occur in the knee joint. As a result of adverse movements, injuries or even tears can be observed in the tendons and meniscuses.
  • What are the symptoms of knee problems?
  • The first symptom of these problems is pain around the knee. Over time, symptoms such as swelling, discoloration, and internal noise may be accompanying. The person experiences difficulties in activities such as walking, running, going up and down stairs in daily life.


  • How is it diagnosed?
  • The size and source of the problem are determined with various examination and imaging methods.


  • How is it treated?
  • Some problems heal with physical therapy, while others may require surgery. The method of treatment depends on where and what extent the problem is. If it is a problem that can be healed with physical therapy and rehabilitation, the main source of the problem and the affected structures should be determined with correct evaluation. Afterwards, a treatment plan is prepared to correct this and reduce the symptoms. With physical therapy agents and an appropriate exercise program, the patient's complaints can be eliminated.



Spec. Dr. Tufan ÖZDEM

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation