A hernia is the swelling that extends outward in the form of a pouch as a result of weakening and tearing in the abdominal muscles. If hernias occurring in the abdomen and groin area are not treated, they enter the intestine and intraabdominal organs and functional problems occur in the organs.
Why does a hernia occur?
- Lifting excessively heavy loads
- Heavy work
- Long-lasting cough
- Continuous straining due to chronic constipation causes hernia in the groin and abdomen.
What are the Symptoms?
The most important symptom of inguinal hernia is swelling in the abdominal area and pain in the groin. There is also a burning sensation in the area where the swelling occurs. Feeling of pressure in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, high fever, and constipation when lifting a heavy object or after meals also indicate a sign of hernia.
What are the treatment methods?
The only way to treat groin is surgery. In the past, hernias were corrected by open surgery, but now patients are cured by laparoscopic surgeries performed through a hole opened in the navel.
How is laparoscopic hernia surgery performed?
The abdomen is inflated with the carbon dioxide gas given into it with a special needle inserted through a small incision of 1 cm length, which is usually made inside the navel. This gas is not toxic and flammable. Subsequently, thin tubes, about 10 cm long, made of plastic or metal, called trocars, are inserted into the abdominal wall from various places as needed. With the help of the image provided by the camera inserted into the abdomen through thin tubes, the operation is performed with specially produced equipment. With these tools, all operations in open surgery can be performed: Organs can be cut and stitched, vessels can be sealed. After the operation is completed, the carbon dioxide gas given to the abdomen is discharged. The remaining small amount of gas is absorbed by the body and excreted in 24 hours. The operation performed under general anesthesia, and it takes approximately one hour.
How long will the patient stand up after surgery?
The patient, who is dressed in a special underwear, is brought up slowly under the supervision of a nurse a few hours after the operation . The patient who starts to take solid and liquid foods after 3-4 hours is usually discharged on the same day. If the patient is doing a desk job, he can return to working life after a week. And stitches will be removed 10 days after the surgery.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic hernia surgery over open surgery?
- Hospital admission is very short.
- Recovery time is faster.
- Less pain occurs.
- Return to daily life and work earlier.
- There are no surgical scars.
What should be considered after laparoscopic hernia surgery ?
- The special underwear should be worn for the period of time recommended by the doctor. It can be removed only while lying, or bathing.
- Shower can be taken early day of surgery.
- Severe coughing, sneezing and stiffness should be avoided for a while after the operation .
- Frequent short walk should be done.
- Driving should be avoided for a week unless it is compulsory.