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12 February 2021

Ayhan Gül

Gynecologic Oncology Specialist

Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer

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  • What are reasons of the uterine cancer?
  • The uterus is generally composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue. The tissue covering the interior is called the endometrium. Uterine cancer, which mostly starts in the endometrium, is the most common type of cancer in the reproductive organs of women. Cancers originating from muscle and connective tissue are also present.


  • What are the symptoms?
  • The average age of incidence of endometrium cancer is 63 years. The most common complaint is abnormal bleeding. This issue is even more important for women who have gone through menopause. As with any cancer type, early diagnosis and treatment are very important for survival. Since this cancer causes complaints of bleeding, patients usually apply to the physician early and thus the treatment is successful.
  • What are the diagnostic methods?
  • The most important diagnostic method is endometrial biopsy. This method is performed by examining the part taken from the uterus.


  • What are the treatment methods?
  • The treatment of uterine cancer is only surgery, except in cases such as when the patient cannot afford the surgery. The stage of the disease is determined, depending on the stage and the subgroups of the disease. Radiation (radiotherapy) or drug (chemotherapy) treatment may be additionally required as a result of the pathological examination of the tissues removed after the operation.
  • Uterine cancer surgery is basically the removal of the uterus and ovaries, taking accordingly to the age of the patient. The extent of the disease can be partially understood by the pathological examination of the tissues removed during the operation, known as frozen examination, and the necessary tissues such as lymph nodes and abdominal fat (omentum) are removed accordingly.
  • Uterine cancer can be treated by an open surgery (laparotomy), or closed surgery (laparoscopic) in the abdomen. Depending to the surgeon’s experience, some factors may be determined such as the estimated prevalence of the disease to be applied, its subgroup, whether the patient has had previous surgery or not.



Op. Dr. Ayhan GÜL

Gynecological Oncology